• Maria Giulia Bernardini Università di Ferrara
Palavras-chave: Feminist Disability Studies, care, disability, vulnerability, dependency


The discipline of Feminist Disability Studies (FDS) emerges in the mid-Eighties as a critique of both Feminist and Disability Studies, considered “guilty” of excluding women with disabilities from their theorization and, therefore, incapable to represent them as subjects. After a brief analysis of the similarities and the differences between the conditions of oppression experienced by people with disabilities and women, in this paper I first analyse some of the reasons that may be present behind the silence of Feminism on disability, then I show the importance of FDS for the feminist inquiry. Finally, I conclude by focusing on a recent and interesting point of convergence between Feminism and FDS, namely, the theme of vulnerability and dependency


Braswell Harold (2014), “My two Moms: Disability, Queer Kinship, and the Maternal Subject”, Hypatia, 30, 234-250.

Butler Judith (2004), Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence. London: Verso.

Butler Judith (2009), Frames of War: When is Life Grievable?. London: Verso.

Carlson Licia (2001), “Cognitive Ableism and Disability Studies: Feminist Reflections on the History of Mental Retardation”, Hypatia, 16, 124-146.

Carlson Licia, Kittay Eva Feder eds. (2010), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.

Casalini Brunella (2010), “Migrazioni femminili, controllo dei confini e nuove schiavitù”, Ragion Pratica, 35, 455-468.

Casalini Brunella, Cini Lorenzo (2012), Giustizia, uguaglianza e differenza. Una guida alla lettura della filosofia politica contemporanea. Firenze: Firenze University Press.

Cavarero Adriana (2013), Inclinazioni. Critica della rettitudine. Milano: Cortina.

Crow Liz (1996), Including all of our Lives: renewing the Social Model of Disability, in Barnes Colin, Mercer Geof eds., Exploring the Divide. Leeds: The Disability Press, 55-72.

Dale Stone Sharon (1995), “The Myth of Bodily Perfection”, Disability & Society, 10, 413-424.

Dalley Gillian (1988), Ideologies of Caring: Rethinking Community and Collectivism. London: The Macmillan Press.

Fine Michelle, Asch Adrienne eds. (1998), Women with Disabilities: Essays in Psychology, Culture, and Politics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Fineman Martha, Grear Anna eds. (2014), Vulnerability. Reflections on a new Ethical Foundation for Law and Politics. Aldershot: Ashgate.

French Sally (1993), Setting a Record Straight, in Swain John et al. eds., Disabling Barriers, Enabling Environments. London: Sage, 227-232.

Garland Thomson Rosmarie (2002), “Integrating Disability, Transforming Feminist Theory”, NWSA Journal, 14, 1-32.

Garland Thomson Rosmarie (2006), “Ways of Staring”, Journal of Visual Culture, 5, 173-192.

Garland Thomson Rosmarie (2011), “Misfit: A Feminist Materialist Disability Concept”, Hypatia, 26, 591-609.

Giolo Orsetta (2012), Le "periferie" del patriarcato. L'uguaglianza, i diritti umani e le donne, in Casadei Thomas eds., Diritti umani e soggetti vulnerabili. Violazioni, trasformazioni, aporie. Torino: Giappichelli, 119-142.

Goodin Robert E. (1985), Protecting the vulnerable. A Reanalysis of Our Social Responsibilities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hall Kim Q. (2014), “New Conversations in Feminist Disability Studies: Feminism, Philosophy, and Borders”, Hypatia, 30, 1-12.

Hall Kim Q. eds. (2011), Feminist Disability Studies. Indiana: Indiana University Press.

Hillyer Davis Barbara (1984), “Women, Disability, and Feminism: Notes Toward a New Theory”, Frontiers, 7, 1-5.

Hubbard Ruth (2013), Abortion and Disability: Who should and should not inhabit the world?, in Davis Lennard eds., The Disability Studies Reader, 4th ed.. New York: Routledge, 74-86.

Jones Melinda (2011), Valuing all lives – even “wrongful” ones, in Rioux Marcia et al. eds., Critical Perspectives on Human Rights and Disability Laws, Leiden-Boston: Nijhoff Publishers, 87-116.

Kallianes Virginia, Rubenfeld Phyllis (1997), “Disabled Women and Reproductive Rights”, Disability & Society, 12(2), 203-222.

Kittay Eva Feder (1998), Love’s Labor: Essays on Women Equality, and Dependency. New York: Routledge.

Kittay Eva Feder (2009), “The Moral Harm of Migrant Carework: Realizing a Global Right to Care”, The Southern Journal of Philosophy, 46, 53-73

Kittay Eva Feder (2011), “The Ethics of Care, Dependence, and Disability”, Ratio Juris, 24, 49-58.

Kittay Eva Feder (2015), Dependency, in Adams Rachel et al. eds., Keywords in Disability Studies. New York: New York University Press, 55-58.

Kuttai Heather (2010), Maternity Rolls: Pregnancy, Childbirth and Disability. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing.

MacIntyre Alsdair (1999), Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues. Chicago: Open Court.

Mackenzie Catriona et al. eds. (2014), Vulnerability. New Essays in Ethics and Feminist Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.

McKay-Moffat Stella Frances ed. (2007), Disability in Pregnancy and Childbirth. Churchill Livingstone.

Morris Jenny (1991), Pride against Prejudice. A Personal Politics of Disability. London: The Women’s Press.

Morris Jenny (1996), Encounters with Strangers: Feminism and Disability. London: Women’s Press.

Morris Jenny (1997), “Care or Empowerment? A Disability Rights Perspective”, Social Policy & Administration, 31, 54-60.

Mykitiuk Roxanne, Chadha Ena (2011), Sites of Exclusion: Disabled Women’s Sexual, Reproductive and Parenting Rights, in Rioux Marcia et al. eds., Critical Perspectives on Human Rights and Disability Laws, Leiden-Boston: Nijhoff Publishers, 157-200.

Nussbaum Martha (2006), Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership, Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.

Nussbaum Martha (2010), The Capabilities of People with Cognitive Disabilities, in Carlson Licia, Kittay Eva Feder eds., Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy, Wiley-Blackwell, 75-96.

Oliver Mike (1990), The Politics of Disablement, London: The MacMillan Press.

Ralston D. Christopher, Ho Justin (2009), Introduction: Philosophical Reflections on Disability, in Ralston D. Christopher, Ho Justin eds. Philosophical Reflections on Disability, Dordrecht: Springer, 1-16.

Rawls John (1971), A Theory of Justice, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Rawls John (1993), Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press.

Richardson Genevra, Involuntary Treatment, Human Dignity and Human Rights, in Rioux Marcia et al. eds., Critical Perspectives on Human Rights and Disability Laws, Leiden-Boston: Nijhoff Publishers, 137-156.

Rioux Marcia and Patton Lora (2011), Beyond Legal Smokescreens: Applying a Human Rights Analysis to Sterilization Jurisprudence, in Rioux Marcia et al. eds., Critical Perspectives on Human Rights and Disability Laws, Leiden-Boston: Nijhoff Publishers, 243-272.

Sandel Michael (2007), The Case Against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering, Cambridge: Harvard UP.

Savulescu Julian (2001), “Procreative beneficence: why we should select the best children”, Bioethics, 15, 413-426.

Sciurba Alessandra (2015), La cura servile, la cura che serve, Pisa: Pacini Editore.

Silvers Anita (1998), “Reprising Women’s Disability: Feminist Identity Strategy and Disability Rights”, Berkeley Women’s L. J., 81, 81-116.

Silvers Anita (Spring 2015 Edition), “Feminist Perspectives on Disability”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Spelman Elisabeth (1990), Inessential Woman, London: The Women’s Press.

tenBrock Jacobus (1966), “The Right to live in the World: The Disabled in the Law of Torts”, Cal. L. Rev., 54, 841-858.

Thomas Carol (2004), Disability and impairment, in Swain John et al. eds., Disabling Barriers. Enabling Environments, London: SAGE, 21-27.

Thomas Carol (1999), Female Forms. Experiencing and understanding disability, Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Thomas Carol (2002), The “Disabled” Body, in Evans Mary, Lee Ellies eds., Real Bodies. A Sociological Introduction, Palgrave: Basingstoke, 64-78.

Thomas Carol (2007), Sociologies of Disability and Illness, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Tilley Elizabeth et al. (2012), “The silence is roaring”: sterilization, reproductive rights and women with intellectual disabilities, in Disability & Society, 27(3), 413-426.

Trent James (1994), Inventing the feeble mind: a history of mental retardation in the United States, Berkeley: University of California Press.

UNESCO 2011, Report of IBC on the Principle of Respect for Human Vulnerability and Personal Integrity.

Wendell Susan (1989), “Toward a feminist theory of disability”, Hypatia, 4, 104-124.

Young Iris Marion (1980), Throwing like a Girl and Other Essays in Feminist Philosophy and Social Theory, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Young Iris Marion (1990), Justice and the politics of difference, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Como Citar
International Journal