• Ramis R. Gazizov Kazan Federal University
  • Olesya A. Vol'f Katanov Khakass State University



media discourse, journalistic text, the law of non-contradiction (contradiction), the law of the excluded middle, illogism, mistake, manipulation, stylistic means, alogism.


The paper is devoted to the study of violations of one of the laws of formal logic: the law of the excluded middle; those violations are found in modern media discourse. The authors examined the relationship between deviations from the law of non-contradiction (contradiction) and the law of the excluded middle and came to the conclusion that violations of the law of the excluded middle occur in speech only in symbiosis with violations of the law of non-contradiction. The analysis of examples from journalistic tests showed that deviations from the law of the excluded middle can be of two types depending on the reasons for their occurrence. If a logical rule is violated unknowingly, a logical error appears in the text. In the case when the author intentionally goes to damage the logical structure of the utterance, the violation is a technique. In turn, the goals of the addressee predetermine the division of techniques into manipulative (in the case when a recipient should not notice logical inconsistencies) and stylistic ones: tropes and figures (which are designed to influence an addressee openly).


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Como Citar

R. GAZIZOV, R. .; A. VOL’F , O. . VIOLATIONS OF THE LAW OF THE EXCLUDED MIDDLE IN MEDIA DISCOURSE. Gênero & Direito, [S. l.], v. 8, n. 6, 2019. DOI: 10.22478/ufpb.2179-7137.2019v8n6.49314. Disponível em: Acesso em: 27 jan. 2023.



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