ON THE QUESTION OF PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF METHODS AND MECHANISMS FOR FORMATION OF REGIONAL INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
Palavras-chave:strategy of regional innovative development, assessment methodology, criteria for the level of competitiveness of the region.
It is possible to notice a recent slowdown in the rates of social and economic development in many regions of the country. This trend depends on many aspects: exhaustion of natural and raw materials, inadequate financing of re-equipment projects, utilization of outdated technologies and equipment in the production regional subsystem. As a consequence, there are: loss of competitiveness of the territory, a decline in investment, and a reduction of the living standards of the population. The key factor in creating an innovative breakthrough in the economy of the region is the concentration of resources and the creation of spatially-expressed territorial zones of outstripping economic growth with a narrow branch of specialization (“Growth Points”). Herewith, recently in Russia a significant gap has been revealed between the formed innovative intellectual products and the process of their commercialization. There is an obvious need for changes in the system of transfer of innovations and new technologies, which must have a stable effect of adaptive synergism. In the global and domestic practices, there are different methods to correctly assess (to a greater or lesser extent) the level of competitiveness of individual regions from the perspective of their innovative development. In the paper the authors analyze the methods and mechanisms of forming the stages of the implementation of the regional innovative development strategy presented in specialized literature and based on the results of assessing the level of competitiveness of the region by the criterion of the “level of innovative development”.
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