SPECIFIC NATURE AND PROSPECTS OF USING INTEGRAL METHODS OF ECONOMIC SECURITY ASSESSMENT FOR THE ARCTIC REGIONS OF RF
Palavras-chave:Arctic regions, economic security, security indicators, regional model
The research relevance is conditioned by the increased attention to the issues of content and assessment of the economic security in Russia over the last years. A large number of scientific researches devoted to this theme prove it. At that, the majority of researches address the issues of economic security at a national level. Few researches in the field of economic security analysis at a regional level commonly propose multi-purpose assessment methods that do not take into account the specific nature of development and economic activity of specific regions and territories. The paper is aimed at revealing the specific nature and prospects of using the integral methods of economic security assessment for the arctic regions of RF. The proprietary methodology of assessing the economic security for the arctic regions of RF is proposed in the paper and is based on comprehensive analysis of indicators of various units of economic security, such as: capacity of the region for sustainable development, sustainability of the financial system of the region, economy dependence on the import of the essential types of products, poverty rate, scientific potential, quality of life, demography, ecology, transport accessibility. The lead approach to building a model for the economic security assessment is an indicative method with subsequent mathematical processing of actual results of the generated system of indicators on the basis of comparison thereof with the threshold limit values. Key elements of the model were selected on the basis of analysis of a large number of domestic and foreign practical developments of the principal researchers in the area of economic security assessment. The results presented in the paper can be used on the one hand for ranging the arctic regions of RF by the integral composite indicator of economic security, and on the other hand for qualitative assessment of the economic security level and the extent of potential risks for sustainable operation and development of a certain territory. The represented methodological fundamentals can also be applied for further investigations in the field of building integral models and revealing bottlenecks in the system of economic security management of different level entities.
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