CULTURAL DIFFERENCES OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN THE YOUTH ENVIRONMEN
The difficulties of interethnic interaction and ensuing ethnic conflicts represent a topical research problem. At present, the problem of ethnic conflicts in the youth environment is particularly acute and serious. As in other European countries, in Russia there is a trend towards the revival of national consciousness and cultural heritage, ethnic identity, both in minorities and in large nations of a multinational country. The ethnic paradox of our time, accompanying the unification of spiritual and material culture, leads to the emergence of various positive and negative social phenomena. This paper presents the results of a theoretical and methodological analysis of ethnic conflicts in the youth environment, the causes of their occurrence and resolution technologies. On the basis of the content analysis of sociological surveys in the period from 2012 to 2019, the features of the culture of conflict interaction in the youth environment were identified and determined. The conclusions have been drawn that there are causes peculiar to each conflict situation which comprise the major one - cultural differences between peoples. It has been proved that among conflict resolution technologies, the best option is to eliminate the sources of conflict situations by implementing general cultural development in educational institutions at different stages (pre-school education, moral education and educational activities in schools, colleges and universities in the form of excursions into other nationalities) and the use of effective public policy. In addition, it has been substantiated that over time, the nature of causes, technologies for resolving ethnic conflicts tend to change to more constructive ones and influence the dynamics of the level of conflict in society.
Bogolyubov, L.N., Lazebnikova, A.Yu. & Kinkulkin, A.T. (2014). Social Studies. Moscow: Education.
Darendorf, R. (1994). Elements of the theory of social conflict. Sociological studies, 5, 35–40.
Dontsova, G.G. (2015). Media monitoring on the problems of interethnic relations and their impact on interethnic relations in the Kuban. Extremism and ethno-social conflicts in the youth environment of a multi-ethnic region, 1,111-142.
Durkheim, E. (1995). Sociology. Her subject, method, purpose. Moscow: Canon.
Efimova, O.I., Salakhova, V.B., Oshchepkov, A.A., Khudyakova, T.L. & Deberdeeva, N.A. (2018). Antisuicidal Potential of the Person: Theory and Empirics Research. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(5), 510-517.
Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2007). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Eniashina, N.G., Ovsyanik, O.A., Khammatova, R.S., Azyrkina, E.I., Vasyakin, B.S. & Belogrud, I.N. (2018). Formation of the educational system of the Russian federation: gender differences. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(5), 501-509.
Filin, I.V. (2006). Interethnic conflict as an integral part of social reality. Scientific Herald of the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation, 101, 126-131.
Gasanov, I.B. (1994). National stereotypes and the "image of the enemy". Moscow: Book.
Goloshumova, G.S., Ershova, O.V., Salakhova, V.B., Kidinov, A.V., Nalichaeva, S.A. & Yanysheva, V.A. (2019a). Information and educational environment of higher school as a factor of the formation of coping strategies in the structure of students' personality (ecological and psychological aspect). EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 13(2), 1867-1874.
Goloshumova, G.S., Gribkova, O.V., Kidinov, A.V., Tkhugo, M.M., Chernova, O.E., Telysheva, N.N. & Agadzhanova, E.R. (2019b). Specific features of life orientations among students and their interrelation with professional formation. Revista Praxis Educacional, 15(34), 673-682.
Gorohova, V.V. & Gorohova I.V. (2016). The role of the media in the prevention of manifestations of religious extremism. Bulletin of the Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, 7, 78-80.
Kalinina, N.V., Zaretskiy, V.V., Salakhova, V.B., Artamonova, E.G., Efimova, O.I. & Lekareva, E.E. (2018). Psychological and pedagogical resources of security provision and prevention of internet risks and life threats among children and teenagers in the educational environment. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(8), 118-129.
Klimova, E.M., Kamyshanov, A.A., Poruchkina, S.M., Zhilyaev, A.A., Ionkin, V.B., Mikhaylovsky, M.N. & Deberdeeva, N.A. (2018). Subjective factors of occupational mobility. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(12), 49-57.
Kurbatov, V.I. (2009). Conflictology. Moscow: Phoenix.
Labunskaya, V.A. (2018). Ethnic Psychology. Moscow: Infra-M.
Mazur, E.Yu. & Antipova, A.E. (2018). Ways to resolve conflicts. Magazine "World civilizations", 3(4), 1-6.
Media: demand and performance evaluations. (2018). FOM - 2018. URL: https://fom.ru/SMI-i-internet/ (Accessed 01.15.2020).
Merton, R. (2006). Social theory and social structure. Moscow: KEEPER.
Mitin, S.N., Kidinov, A.V., Fedotov, S.N., Leontev, M.G., Bolotova, A.K. & Kalinin, I.V. (2018). Modern models of career readiness. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(3), 78-86.
Mitin, S.N., Shukshina, L.V., Bazhdanova, Yu.V., Koretskaya, I.A. & Vasyakin, B.S. (2017). Value and meaning attitudes as a factor of forming tolerant ethnic consciousness in the multicultural milieu of a higher education institution. Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 12(7b), 1193-1200.
Mitina, I.D. (2018). Specificity of determining and forming priority directions of regional cultural policy within the framework of sociology of culture. Simbirsk Scientific Journal Vestnik, 3(33), 72-77.
Mitina, I.D., Vasyakin B.S., Pozharskaya, E.L., Berezhnaja, M.S., Khudyakova, T.L. & Kovaleva, N.B. (2017). The development of psychological and pedagogical support for the students' social and professional self-determination system. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 7(12), 275-285.
Mitrofanenko, V.V. (2015). Technologies for the implementation of youth policy in the field of law, labor and education: a training manual (lecture course). Stavropol: Publishing house of SKFU.
Nurieva, D.A. (2015). Russia in search of interethnic harmony: the evolution of tolerance on modern Russian television. Information field of modern Russia: practices and effects. Kazan: Kazan University.
Okhuni, H.S. & Martynova, T.N. (2014). Analysis of sociocultural aspects of the occurrence of interethnic conflicts in the youth environment. Student Scientific Forum, 1-15. URL: https://scienceforum.ru/2014/article/2014002099
Parsons, T. (1967). Sociological Theory and Modern Society. New York: Free Press.
Salakhova, V.B., Sidyacheva, N.V., Zotova, L.E., Klepach, Y.V., Rusyaeva, T.A., Belova, T.A. & Buevich, S.Y. (2018a). Specific Features of Normative Ideals and Individual Priorities of the Deviant Personality. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(5), 232-242.
Salakhova, V.B., Sokolovskaya, I.E., Ulyanova, I.V., Karina, O.V. & Terekhova, A.I. (2019). Deviant behavior formation factors among students: aggressive behavior and internet risks. Práxis Educacional, 15(34), 683-694.
Salakhova, V.B., Zaretskiy, V.V., Kalinina, N.V., Artamonova, E.G., Efimova, O.I. & Lekareva, E.E. (2018b). Existential psycho-correction of the value-meaning sphere of the personality of adolescents with deviant behavior. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(6), 294-302.
Saveliev, D.S. (2017). Religious-cultural identity: deformation, preservation, development. Simbirsk Scientific Journal Vestnik, 3(29), 110-115.
Simmel, G.R. (1916). Einkunst philosophischer Versuch. Leipzig: Wolf.
Smith, A. (2007). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Amsterdam: MetaLibri Digital Library.
Spencer, G. (1986). Sociology as a subject of study. St.Petersburg: A type. A. Jacobson.
The level of xenophobia in Russia has reached a minimum. (2017). Levada Center. – 2017. URL: https://www.levada.ru/2017/08/23/uroven-ksenofobii-v-rossii-dostig-minimuma/ (Accessed 01.15.2020).
The study of ethnic conflicts in Russia by the Public Opinion Foundation. (2020). URL: http://bd.fom.ru/report/map/d072725 (Accessed 01.14.2020).
The study of interethnic relations in the capital through the eyes of its inhabitants by the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion. (2020). URL: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=2132 (Accessed 01.14.2020).
The study of intolerance and xenophobia by the analytical center "Levada Center". (2020). URL: http://www.levada.ru/2016/10/11/intolerantnost-i-ksenofobiya/ (Accessed 01.14.2020).
The study of media and interethnic relations. (2020). URL: http://ru.surveymonkey.com/s/RQQXTQP (Accessed 01.15.2020).
Tishkov, V.A. (1997). Essays on the theory and politics of ethnicity in Russia. Moscow: Russian World.
Vikhryan, A.P., Gorohova, V.V., Gorohova, I.V., Erofeeva, M.A., Narbut, N.P., Puzanova, Zh.V. & Yunusov, A.M. (2015). The methodology aimed at preventing the manifestations of terrorism and extremism among children and youth in the educational environment. Moscow: RUDN.
Yadov, V.A. (1998). Sociology in Russia. Moscow: Publishing House of the Institute of Sociology RAS.
Zaprudsky, Yu.G. (1992). Social conflict: political science analysis: PhD Thesis. Rostov-on-Don: Rostov State University