CONCILIATING NATIONAL PROVISIONS WITH INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS. THE CASE OF UNACCOMPANIED MINORS IN THE EU AND IN ITALY
Palavras-chave:unaccompanied minors, Italy, Convention on Children Rights of November 20, 1989, Consolidation Act on Immigration no. 286/1998, Committee for Foreign Minors.
ResumoIn recent years, a growing number of unaccompanied and separated children (hereinafter "unaccompanied minors") entered and passed through the European Union (EU) looking for a safe country or in the attempt to secure their future, an education and a better job, meeting often to family or community members already in the EU. To reach a predetermined destination in Europe has become increasingly dangerous for many unaccompanied minors, whose migratory project is based on decisions made by their families and on expectations fueled by partisan information obtained mostly from informal networks. Analysing the EU context, it appears evident the existence of a number of common features, mainly caused by the sharing of common emergencies and by the structuring of similar domestic legal regulations. The northern European countries prefer the application of measures arising from the laws on immigration in relation to the protection of unaccompanied minors, instead the Mediterranean countries adopt provisions of protection under international law, EU law and its legal system with regard to child protection.
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