• Natalia L. Fesyanova Kazan Federal University, Naberezhnye Chelny Institute
  • Ekaterina A. Khuzina Kazan Federal University, Naberezhnye Chelny Institute




art, landscape, music, urban space, factography.


American writer William Dean Howells led an intensive search for artistic means to represent reality throughout his creative journey. His creative method was characterized by an acute sensation of the world's objectivity and the understanding of art as a special language. In this article, various types of art (landscape, music) are examined by which the writer created a factographic reflection of the urban space that determined the artistic specifics of his works. The theme of the city and the motive of the road in W. D. Howells creative destiny became fundamental ones and were reflected in his small prose. The studied texts of the American writer focused the attention on the inner world and the feelings of the author-narrator. He has a phenomenal memory that helps to save not only the experienced events, but also the emotional fabric of his wanderings in detail. The urban pictures conveyed by W.D. Howells are as detailed as possible, demonstrate both the author's picture of the world and the specific norms of the urban space of the XIXth century. In the stories the writer shows such power of the urban environment, which adversely affects the development of urban culture, not only ecological but also psychological pollution occurs, the break with the surrounding reality and the construction of an artificial world. Thus, it allowed the author to combine documentality and artistic generalizations, confirming everything with specific names, titles, and events. Throughout the narrative in the small prose by W. D. Howells, the idea of the organic development of small towns and the existence in harmony with the surrounding natural environment is the main one, which is of enormous importance for the modern world. An original translation from English in the article was performed by the author.


Não há dados estatísticos.


Gay N.K. Art of the word / N.K. Gay. - Moscow: Nauka, 1967. - 364 p.

Lotman Yu. M. The problem of artistic space in Gogol's prose // Proceedings on Russian and Slavic philology XI. Literary studies. Tartu: TSU., 1968. - Issue 209. - pp. 5-51.

Mumford L. What is a City // The City Cultures Reader / L. Mumford. – Routledge, 2004. – 29 P.

Serto of M. Around the city on foot//Sociological review / M. de Serto. – M.: Higher School of Economics. 2008. – No. 2. – Volume 7. – pp. 24–33.

Antsiferov N.P. A book about the city / N.P. Antsiferov. - L.: Brockhaus-Efron, 1926. - 224 p.

Nabilkina L.N. The city as a cultural phenomenon in Russian, American and Western European literature: author's abstract. dis. ... by the doctor of cultural studies / L.N. Nabilkina. - Ivanovo, 2014. - 54 p.

William Dean Howells // Quotes, poems, messages and poetry to share. – 2015. URL: http://www.litera.co.uk/author/william_dean_howells/, free. Checked on 10.06.2017.

Howells W. D. Suburban Sketches // Gutenberg.org: The Project Gutenberg Ebook. – 2002. URL: http://public-library.uk/ebooks/05/88.pdf, free. Checked on 12.05.2017).

Byutor M. Novel as a research / M. Byutor. – М.: МFU, 2000. – 208 p.

Dashevskaya O.A. The structure of the action in the modern Soviet drama (spatial-temporal organization): the author's abstract from the dis. ... of Philology cand. / O.A. Dashevskaya. - Tomsk, 1987. - 18 p.




Como Citar

FESYANOVA, N. L.; KHUZINA, E. A. FACTUAL REFLECTION OF URBAN SPACE IN WILLIAM DEAN HOWELLS’S SHORT PROSE. Gênero & Direito, [S. l.], v. 8, n. 4, 2019. DOI: 10.22478/ufpb.2179-7137.2019v8n4.48386. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/ged/article/view/48386. Acesso em: 24 jan. 2022.



Seção Livre