CATEGORIAL FEATURES OF POLITICAL VS. RELIGIOUS DISCOURSES:
The article offers a comparative description of iconic constituents of religious and political discourses as the most complex and symbolically saturated types of institutional interaction. The research is based on a systemic multi-level analysis of the component structure of discourse in order to identify and characterize linguistic and sociocultural constants and markers of semasiologically holistic polycode practices combined by certain axiological attitudes. The methodological concept aimed at modeling institutional interactions made it possible to characterize the methods and mechanisms of explication and transformation of the iconic elements of political/religious communication, which determine algorithms of verbal-discursive behavior. The combination of methods of discourse analysis, linguistic-cognitive projection and functional-pragmatic consideration of textual units of the mentioned spheres of communication made it possible to qualify and taxonomize the linguosemiotic components of discourse data, which, while receiving a specific refraction in a socio-communicative reality, clearly demonstrate the typological signs of a linguocultural universe. The results of the study indicate that, despite the conceptual contrast between politics and religion, these types of discursive practices have many correlating features, which are based on a comparable similarity of content, mechanisms and methods of generating discursive constructs, correlated principles of representation of mental categories and a definite analogy of symbolic-symbolic design of a communication process.
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