DOWER PAYMENT TO A WIFE (MAHR) BY HER HUSBAND UNDER THE SYRIAN PERSONAL STATUS LAW OF 1953 AND SOME OTHER FAMILY LAWS IN ARAB COUNTRIES

  • Ehab Obaid Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Palavras-chave: Mahr, dower, Islamic school, marriage, waiting period, invalid marriage, Mahr-al-Misl

Resumo

The article considers the issue of dower, which is paid by the husband to his wife and appears as one of the husband's liabilities according to the provisions of the Syrian Personal Status Law of 1953, as well as under some other Arab family laws. The presented study examines the views of known Islamic jurisprudence schools on this issue, given that the 1953 Syrian family law, along with most of the Arab family laws, were acquired from Islamic Sharia law. The author also analyzes some decisions regarding the dower ruled by the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation. The article also reviews the provisions of valid and invalid marriages in order to determine the amount of the marriage portion payment that a husband is liable to pay.

Referências

Syrian Personal Status Law of September 17, 1953 (as amended by Law No. 34 of December 31, 1975, published in the Official Gazette No. 3, p. 111 of January 21, 1976; Law № 4 of February 7, 2019; and Law № 20 of June 27, 2019 ) // Official Gazette 8/10/1953. – № 63. – P. 4783.
Syrian Civil Code, Ed. № 84 of May 18, 1949, became law on June 15, 1949 // Official Gazette of 15/06/1949. – P. 1891.
Moroccan Family Law (the Moudawana) of 2004, published in the Official Gazette of Morocco, № 5184, February 5, 2004.
Jordanian Personal Status Law of 2010, published in the Official Gazette of Jordan, № 451, September 30, 2010.
Tunisian Personal Status Code of 1956, published in the Official Gazette of Tunisia, № 66, August 17, 1956.
Omani Personal Status Law (Royal Decree No. 32 of 1997), published in the Official Gazette of Oman, № 601, June 15, 1997.
Algerian Family Code of 1984 published in Journal Officiel (Government Gazette of Algeria), № 24, August 12, 1984, P. 910.
Mauritania's Personal Status Code of 2001, published in the Official Journal of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, №1004, August 15, 2001.
Qatari Family Law of 2006, published in Official Gazette of Qatar, № 8, August 28, 2006.
Kuwaiti Personal Status Act of 1984, published in Kuwait Official Gazette № 1507, July 23, 1984.
UAE Personal Status Law of 2005, published in the Official Gazette for the United Arab Emirates № 439, November 30, 2005.
Yemen's Personal Status Act of 1992, published in Yemen Official Gazette № 6/3, 1992.
The Muslim Personal Law Act of Sudan, 1991, published on the website of the Ministry of Justice of Sudan: http://moj.gov.sd/sudanlaws/#/reader/chapter/116
Decisions of the highest courts and legal practice case files
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 885/848 of 28.11.2016. Al-Qanun Journal, Proceedings of the Syrian Court of Cassation, Sharia Chamber 2014 – 2016. – Damascus: Publishing House of Syrian Ministry of Justice, P. 280.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 831/805 of 01.12.2014. Al-Qanun Journal, Proceedings of the Syrian Court of Cassation, Sharia Chamber 2014 – 2016. – Damascus: Publishing House of Syrian Ministry of Justice, P. 63.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 16/36 of 03.02.2014. Al-Qanun Journal, Proceedings of the Syrian Court of Cassation, Sharia Chamber 2014 – 2016. – Damascus: Publishing House of Syrian Ministry of Justice, P. 13.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 1918 of 5-9-1964. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce) / Al-Bagha, Mustafa Mohammed Hassan. –– Damascus: Publishing House of Damascus University, 2006: P. 329.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 1831 of 30.12.1995. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce) / Al-Bagha, Mustafa Mohammed Hassan. –– Damascus: Publishing House of Damascus University, 2006: P. 323.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 436/462 of 24.07.1978. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce) / Al-Bagha, Mustafa Mohammed Hassan. –– Damascus: Publishing House of Damascus University, 2006: P. 322.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 41/25 of 08.27.1973. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce) / Al-Bagha, Mustafa Mohammed Hassan. –– Damascus: Publishing House of Damascus University, 2006: P. 284.
The ruling of the Sharia Chamber of the Syrian Court of Cassation № 853/134 of 22.03.1983. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce) / Al-Bagha, Mustafa Mohammed Hassan. –– Damascus: Publishing House of Damascus University, 2006: P. 284.
References
Al-Sabuni, Abdul-Rahman. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce), part 1 // Damascus: El Jadida Publishing House, 1978: 344 p.
Addusuki, Muhammad. Hashiyat addusuki, part 2 // Cairo: Dar Ihya' al-Kutub al-'Arabiya publishers, 2005: P. 302.
Al-Bagha, Mustafa Mohammed Hassan. Justification of Syrian Personal Status Law (marriage and divorce) // Damascus: Publishing House of Damascus University, 2006: 783 p.
Al Quda, Muhammad Ahmad. al-Wafi in justification of new Jordanian Personal Status Law № 36 of 2010, Vol. 1: The University of Jordan-Faculty of Shariah // Amman, 2012: 288 p.
Al-Ramli, Shamsuddin. Nihayat al-Muhtaj, part 6. // Beirut: Dar Al- Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah publishers, 2003: 480 p.
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Ibn Abidin. Radd al-Muhtar, part 4 // Ed. by Ali Muavad. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr publishers, 2003: 655p.
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Nurgaleev, R.M. Classical Islamic family law: a tutorial. 5th Ed., Kazan: RIU, 2016. – 109 p
Publicado
2020-05-30
Como Citar
OBAID, E. DOWER PAYMENT TO A WIFE (MAHR) BY HER HUSBAND UNDER THE SYRIAN PERSONAL STATUS LAW OF 1953 AND SOME OTHER FAMILY LAWS IN ARAB COUNTRIES. Gênero & Direito, v. 9, n. 04, 30 maio 2020.
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Seção Livre