THE ROLE OF EDUCATION IN THE FORMATION OF COMPETITIVENESS OF STUDENT YOUTH AT THE MODERN LABOR MARKET

  • Karina S. Chikaeva Kuban State Agrarian University
  • Andrey V. Rachipa Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)
  • Elena A. Karapetyan Kuban State Technological University
  • Galina I. Davydova Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
  • Larisa I. Kobysheva Rostov State Economic University
  • Galina V. Ganshina Moscow City Pedagogical Universit
Palavras-chave: education, youth, student youth, graduates, the labor market, employment, risks

Resumo

In connection with the emergence of a market environment formed in the post-Soviet period and the increasing role of innovative technologies in society, our country began to feel the need for young highly qualified personnel. In the framework of this study, the authors analyze the role of education in shaping the competitiveness of student youth in the modern labor market. Based on the methodology of the secondary analysis of empirical data, the authors show that the educational institution overcomes the existing imbalance between the structure of training in the educational system and the structure of demand in the labor market through mechanisms such as attracting employers to the educational process, cooperation with business communities, and increasing the number of credits for practice in the structure of the main professional educational program, expanding the scope of the targeted student enrollment, the use of distance Online training and courses. The article also analyzes the risks of labor integration of Russian youth.

Referências

Analytical report of the All-Russian Research Institute of Labor “Analysis of the situation of graduates with higher and secondary professional education in the labor market in Russia” URL: http://spravochnik.rosmintrud.ru/storage/app/media/Analiz%20polojeniya%20vepucknikov_VNII%20tpuda .pdf
Bayramov V.D., Lubsky A.V., Pukhkalova M.O., Stepanov O.V. Problems of social work with youth in modern Russia. Rostov n / D.-M., 2009. P. 274.
Becker G. S. Investment in human capital: A theoretical analysis // The Journal of Political Economy. 1964. Vol. 70, no. 5. Pp. 9–49.
Bulletin on education «Russian education in the context of the human capital index», 2018 [Electronic resource] // URL: https://ac.gov.ru/publications/topics/topic/4411;
Cherednichenko G.A. Formation of educational strategies of youth // Faces of Russian education. M.: Center for Sociological Research, 2015. Pp. 278-306.
Cherednichenko G.A. Russian youth in the education system: from level to level // Issues of education. 2017. No. 3. Pp. 152-182.
Chikaeva K.S., Scherbakova L.I., Karapetyan E.A., Latysheva A.T., Kosinov S.S., Zinchenko Ya.G., Samygin S.I. (2018) Social Health of Russian Youth: the Specifity of Social and Managerial Technologies of Formation. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management and Applied Sciences and Technologies. 2018. Vol. 9. No 6. Pp. 515-525.
Education at a Glance 2014 [Electronic resource]. URL: http://nimro.ru/uploads/news/photos/ russian-federation-eag2014-country-note-russian.pdf (accessed: 07.04.2020)
Employment of youth in the motivational and structural dimension [Electronic edition] / [M. K. Gorshkov and others]; Repl. Editor M.K. Gorshkov. Electron. text. Dan. (volume 1.5 Mb) - M.: Institute of Sociology, Federal Scientific Research Center of Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2017.129 p.
Gafiatulina N.Kh., Rachipa A.V., Vorobyev G.A., Kasyanov V.V., Chapurko T.M., Pavlenko I.I., Samygin S.I. Socio-political changes as a socio-cultural trauma for the social health of Russian youth // Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods. 2018. Vol. 8. 5. Pp. 602-609.
Gafiatulina N.Kh., Toporkov G.A. The model of criminal behavior: sociological analysis // Humanitarian Socio-economic and social sciences. 2018. No5. Рр. 25-27.
Gafiatulina N.Kh. Social health of students as an indicator of socio-cultural integration // Social and humanitarian knowledge. 2013. No. 11. Pp. 255-261.
Gnatyuk M.A., Khorovinnikov A.A., Samygin S.I. Problems of the situation of Russian youth in the modern labor market: determining factors // State and municipal management. 2018. No2. Pp. 157-163.
Guidelines for measuring human capital. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. New York and Geneva, 2016 URL: https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/stats/publications/2016/ECECESSTAT20166_R.pdf
Indices and indicators of human development. Updated statistics 2018. United Nations Development Program. URL: http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2018_human_development_statistical_update.pdf.
Kovaleva T.N., Maslova Yu.V., Kovalev N.A., Karapetyan E.A., Samygin S.I., Kaznacheeva O.K., Lyashenko N.V. Ecohumanistic Education in Russia and China as a Factor of Sustainable Development of Modern Civilization. Dilemas contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores. 2019. Vol. 6. No S3. P. 11.
Kolesnikova E.Yu. The concept of the sociostructurally function of education in the context of its modernization // News of universities. North Caucasus region. Series: Social Sciences. 2011. No 2. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kontseptsiya-sotsiostrukturnoy-funktsii-obrazovaniya-v-kontekste-ego-sovremennoy-modernizatsii (accessed 04.04.2020).
Kolesnikova G.I., Samygin S.I., Zagutin D.S. Organization of research and teaching activities in the field of personnel management (study guide for university students (masters)) // International Journal of Experimental Education. 2015. No. 8-2. Pp. 217-219.
Konstantinovsky D.L. Modern challenges of the labor market and Russian youth // Education and science in Russia: state and development potential: Yearbook. 2019. Issue. 4. Pp. 272-281.
Klyucharyov G.A., Didenko D.V., Latov Yu.V., Latova N.V. Continuing education - an incentive for human development and a factor in socio-economic inequalities / Under the general editorship of doc. Yu. V. Latov. M.: TsSPiM, 2014.S. 380.
Mukhina K.S. The deprofessionalization of Russian youth: institutional factors of reproduction // Humanitarian of the South of Russia. 2017.V.6. No. 6. Pp. 242-150.
Maksim Vaskov, Alexander Rezvanov, Valery Kasyanov, Sergey Samygin, Natalya Gafiatulina, Dmitriy Zagutin, Lidiya Scherbakova Value Orientations of Russian Youth in the System of Managing the Moral Security of Society (2018) // Herald National Academy of Managerial staff of culture and arts. No 2. 2018. Pp. 134-140. http://heraldnamsca.in.ua/index.php/hnamsca/article/view/309.
Natalya Kh. Gafiatulina, Gennadiy A. Vorobyev, Svetlana I. Imgrunt, Sergey I. Samygin, Anna T. Latysheva, Larisa I. Ermakova, Larisa I. Kobysheva (2018). Social Health of Student Youth in South Russia: Analysis of the Perception of Socio-Cultural Risks. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods. Vol. 8, Issue 6, June 2018. Pp. 32-41.
Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of November 17, 2008 N 1662-r (as amended on September 28, 2018) “On the Concept of Long-Term Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Federation for the Period Until 2020” URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document / cons_doc_LAW_82134 /
Osipov G.V., Klimovitsky S.V. Indicators of science and technology: history. Methodology, measurement standards / Scientific Council on the Basic Research Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences «Economics and Sociology of Science and Education» M.: TsSPiM, 2014, Pp. 15.
Pukhova A.G., Belyaev T.K., Varakina E.E., Ruzanova Yu.V. Problems of youth employment in the regional labor market // International Journal of Applied and Fundamental Research. 2016. No. 12. Pp. 1336-1339.
Ponomarev I.E., Gafiatulina N.K., Zritineva E.I., Kasyanov V.V., Bahutashyili T.V., Ponomarev P.A. The Influence of Social Justice Crisis on Social Health and Spiritual security of Young Students (Case Study of the South of Russia). International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. 2019. Vol. 8. No 2.1. Pp. 250-257.
Poll VCIOM “Higher education: social elevator or lost time?” URL: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=9808
Poll by the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center “Labor Market of the Future: People's Forecast” URL: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=8863
POF survey on modern Russian students URL: https://fom.ru/Nauka-i-obrazovanie/14277
Reznik S. D., Vdovina O. A. Professional competencies of a teacher of a higher educational institution: system of formation and development: monograph. Penza: PGUAS, 2015.140 p.
Romashova L.O. The specifics of labor adaptation of Russian youth // Scientific works of Moscow State University. 2016. No5. Pp. 34-38.
Russian worker: education, profession, qualification / Ed. V.E. Gimpelson, R.I. Kapelyushnikova. M.: HSE, 2011, pp. 59–67.
Sheregi F.E. Education as a social institution: functions and dysfunctions // Russia is reforming. 2015. No. 13. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/obrazovanie-kak-sotsialnyy-institut-funktsii-i-disfunktsii-1 (accessed: 06.04.2020).
Schultz T. W. Investment in human capital // The American Economic Review. 1961. Vol. 51, no. 1. Pp. 1-17.
Starygina A.M. Institutional changes in the Russian system of higher education in the context of modernization // Bulletin of the Adygea State University. Series 1: Regional Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Law, Political Science, Cultural Studies. 2017. No 2 (199). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/institutsionalnye-izmeneniya-v-rossiyskoy-sisteme-vysshego-obrazovaniya-v-kontekste-modernizatsii (accessed: 06.04.2020).
Terekhova N.Yu. Freelancing as a form of employment in modern conditions / Labor psychology, economics and management in modern Russia: organizational structure and entrepreneurship. Materials international. Scientific-practical conf. Yekaterinburg, 2016.Pp. 141-144.
Zubok Yu.A. Changing social reality in crisis Russian society / Yu.A. Zubok, V.I. Chuprov // Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast. 2017. V. 10. No. 1. Pp. 41-57.
Radhy, Z. H. (2019). Application of Multiply Regression Linear Model and New Technology Method in Estimating Learning and Education of Students. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 14(1), 87-90. https://doi.org/10.12973/iejme/3978
Publicado
2020-05-30
Como Citar
S. CHIKAEVA, K.; V. RACHIPA, A.; A. KARAPETYAN, E.; I. DAVYDOVA, G.; I. KOBYSHEVA, L.; V. GANSHINA, G. THE ROLE OF EDUCATION IN THE FORMATION OF COMPETITIVENESS OF STUDENT YOUTH AT THE MODERN LABOR MARKET. Gênero & Direito, v. 9, n. 04, 30 maio 2020.
Seção
Seção Livre