COMPARISON OF EFFICIENCY OF A SOLAR DRIVEN CARNOT ENGINE UNDER MAXIMUM POWER AND POWER DENSITY CONDITIONS

Abhijit Sinha, Agnimitra Biswas, Kaushal Kumar Sharma

Abstract


A comparative analysis on thermodynamic efficiency based on maximum power & power density conditions have been performed for a solar-driven Carnot heat engine with internal irreversibility. In this analysis, the heat transfer from the hot reservoir is to be in the radiation mode and the heat transfer to the cold reservoir is to be in the convection mode. The thermodynamic efficiency function, power & power density functions have been derived and maximization of the power functions have been performed for various design parameters. From the optimum conditions, the thermal efficiencies at maximum power and power densities have been obtained. The effects of internal irreversibility, extreme temperature ratios & specific engine size in area ratio between the hot & cold reservoirs as various design parameters on thermodynamic efficiencies have been investigated for both the conditions. The efficiencies have been compared with Curzon- Ahlborn & Carnot efficiencies respectively. The analysis showed that the efficiency at maximum power output is greater than the efficiency at maximum power density. And the efficiencies can be greater than the Curzon- Ahlborn`s efficiency only for low values of design parameters.

Keywords


Power output, power density, Curzon-Ahlborn efficiency, internal irreversibility, design parameters

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4090/juee.2013.v8n2.225-231

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ISSN 1982-3932
DOI: 10.4090/juee


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