Trading-off Constraints in the Pump Scheduling Optimization of Water Distribution Networks


  • Gencer Gencoglu Middle East Technical University Ankara / TURKEY
  • Nuri Merzi



Genetic algorithms, water distribution network, energy cost, operational reliability, pump switch, electricity tariff, trade-off constraints


Pumps are one of the essential components of water supply systems. Depending of the topography, a water supply system may completely rely on pumping. They may consume non-negligible amount of water authorities' budgets during operation. Besides their energy costs, maintaining the healthiness of pumping systems is another concern for authorities. This study represents a multi-objective optimization method for pump scheduling problem. The optimization objective contains hydraulic and operational constraints. Switching of pumps and usage of electricity tariff are assumed to be key factors for operational reliability and energy consumption and costs of pumping systems. The local optimals for systems operational reliability, energy consumptions and energy costs are investigated resulting from trading-off pump switch and electricity tariff constraints within given set of boundary conditions. In the study, a custom made program is employed that combines genetic algorithm based optimization module with hydraulic network simulation software -EPANET. Developed method is applied on the case study network; N8-3 pressure zone of the Northern Supply of Ankara (Turkey) Water Distribution Network. This work offers an efficient method for water authorities aiming to optimize pumping schedules considering expenditures and operational reliability mutually.


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Author Biography

Gencer Gencoglu, Middle East Technical University Ankara / TURKEY

Water Resources Laboratory Civil Engineering Department