(DIS)PARIDADES DE GÊNERO AO NÍVEL DAS SENTENÇAS JUDICIAIS: UMA REVISÃO ESTRUTURADA DA LITERATURA
Palavras-chave:Crime no feminino. Disparidades nas sentenças. Gênero. Sistema de justiça criminal.
ResumoCom esta revisão estruturada da literatura pretendeu-se analisar as disparidades nas sentenças judiciais que envolvem mulheres agressoras. Foi efetuada uma pesquisa em diversas bases de dados eletrónicas, acedendo-se a um total de 30 artigos. A análise destes diferentes estudos permitiu perceber que ainda são escassos os trabalhos de investigação nesta área. Entre os diferentes fatores com potencial influência no resultado das sentenças judiciais, identificaram-se: idade, existência de filhos, raça, tipo de crime praticado, escolaridade e antecedentes criminais. Concluiu-se pela necessidade de haver transformações nas práticas sociais e jurídicas, promovendo a eficácia normativa e a credibilização do sistema judicial.
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