LANGUAGE OF FAMILY COMMUNICATION IN THE MODERN TATAR-RUSSIAN BILINGVAL SOCIETY
Palavras-chave:bilingualism, sociolinguistics, family, language of family communication, Tatar language
ResumoThe article is devoted to the study of the functional potential and specificity of use of native language in family communication, in the conditions of modern Tatar-Russian bilingualism. The sociolinguistic study was conducted on the basis of a survey of humanities students, taking into account the type of family, place of residence and language of instruction at school. The choice of respondents of this category is explained by the fact, that they are sufficiently dynamic and receptive to new socio-cultural and political conditions. They were brought up in the conditions of intensification of bilingualism development on the one hand, and the activation of national identity on the other. The analysis shows, that in the modern active bilingual society the language of family communication has its own specificity and vary, depending on the place of residence and the type of family. The rural family, predominantly, uses its native language in domestic communication. In a rural family, children speak their mother tongue with their parents and brothers and sisters. The urban family, living in the environment of Russian-Tatar bilingualism, prefers to use both languages. Outside the family society, respondents actively use Russian language. The survey shows, that the degree of functioning of native language in urban families between children and their parents is higher, than between close relatives. The penetration of bilingualism into the family environment is also observed in modern families, implementing Tatar-Russian bilingualism. Native Tatar language is the first for the members of such families.
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