CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF DRIVING CONDITIONS AND ON-ROAD EMISSIONS TRENDS FOR VEHICLES
Keywords: Vehicle Emissons, Real World Driving Conditions, Road Grade, ANOVA Test, Jordan
AbstractThis paper presents the impact of road grade, vehicle speed, number of vehicles and vehicle type on vehicle emissions. ANOVA analyses were conducted among different driving conditions and vehicle emissions to discover the significant effects of driving conditions on measured emission rates. This study is intended to improve the understanding of vehicle emission levels in Jordan. Gas emissions in real-world driving conditions were measured by a portable emissions measurement unit over six sections of an urban road. The road grade, speed, type and number of vehicles were found to have a significant influence on the rate of gas emissions. Road grade and diesel-fueled vehicles were positively correlated with average emission rates. The average emission rates were higher at speeds ranging between 60–69 km/hr than at three other speed ranges. The results of ANOVA showed a strong and consistent regression between rates of emissions measured and grade, speed and diesel vehicle parameters. The grade parameter contributed the most to the rate of emissions compared to other parameters. Gasoline vehicles contributed the least.
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