O berserker escandinavo, o tietäjä fino-careliano e uma história de tecnologias rituais

Abstract

Esse artigo argumenta que há uma conexão histórica entre a tecnologia ritual do especialista Fino-Careliano, o tietäjä, e o berserkr Escandinavo. A instituição Fino-Careliana do tietäjä especializada em rituais é caracterizada pelo desencadeamento de um estado extático de agressividade elevada durante a performance de rituais centralmente estruturados para batalhas e conflitos; a semiótica do guerrear da Idade do Ferro é proeminente nas estratificações de seu simbolismo. Essa instituição surgiu por meio da assimilação e hibridização que fez da formação religiosa Escandinava e suas tecnologias rituais ainda durante a Idade do Ferro, o que teria causado mudanças fundamentais na mitologia, nas interações com os mundos invisíveis e nos entendimentos do corpo ou da fisiologia vernacular. O presente artigo trata das implicações das características notadas nas tecnologias do tietäjä para os modelos Escandinavos. Delinearemos essa discussão trazendo evidências da fisiologia vernacular dentro das fontes Nórdicas Antigas, particularmente dos berserkir. As tradições tietäjä e argumentos a respeito de suas origens serão introduzidos para os leitores não familiarizados ao tema; pontos relevantes da teoria e metodologia serão traçados antes que se proceda para a discussão dos berserkir e o argumento por nós defendido de vê-los como uma instituição caracterizada por uma tecnologia ritual conectada a um estado elevado (mas controlado e direcionado) de agressividade. Se essa hipótese da origem do tietäjä estiver correta, a comparação por nós feita sugere uma relação histórica que oferece um novo entendimento dos berserkir.

References

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Published
2019-09-21
Section
Articles