PROBLEMS OF CRIMINAL RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM IN MODERN SOCIETY REALITIES AND RUSSIAN LEGAL SCIENCE ADVANCEMENT

  • Bela B. Bidova Chechen State University
  • Shadid Sh. Mucalov Chechen State University
  • Esita E. Ganaeva Chechen State University
Palavras-chave: extremism, religious extremism, counteraction against religious extremism, struggle against religious extremism

Resumo

The objective of this research is analysis of extremism problems. The paper presents theoretical bases analysis of optimizing the system of penal-legal and criminological measures against extremism and development of specific proposals and recommendations on improving legislation and preventive measures against this criminal phenomenon. The questions of phenomenology and tendencies of criminal religious extremism were considered in the study. System-structural analysis of its criminological properties and penal characteristic peculiarities of separate institutionalized and extra-institutionalized forms of religious extremism was conducted. In the study, technical and historical- juridical methods were applied. The study and generalization of theoretical materials of the study field were undertaken. Scientific novelty of the study is expressed, in particular, through such its provisions as definition of the authors’ concept “religious extremism”, “criminal religious extremism”. The authors analyzed foreign legal models peculiarities of counteraction against religious extremism and its separate kinds. The authors’ understanding of the criminological characteristic of social consciousness and religious extremism development tendencies in Russia is given. Specific personal character traits of an extremist and a factorial complex of criminal religious extremism were described, and limitations of modern Russian legislation, regulating different aspects of struggle against religious extremism, were revealed. Besides, propositions on improving current legislation, regulating liability for crimes, being a subject of this study, were formulated and substantiated, directions of improving penal and special criminological measures against religious extremism were determined; a set of specific revisions and amendments in the Russian Federation legislation was proposed.

Referências

Badyshtova I.M. Treatment of migrants by local population (by the example of the Privoljskiy Federal District) // Sociological studies (Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya). 2013. No. 6. – P. 32-35.

Ivanov N.G. Nuances of penal regulation of extremist activity as a variety of group commission of crimes // State and right (Gosudarstvo i pravo). 2013. No. 5. – P. 27-33.
Bidova B.B. Providing criminological security of Russia // Science and education: economy and economics; entrepreneurship; right and management. 2014. No. 2 (45). P. 51-55.

Sazonov I.A. Political extremism and the problem of its categorical conceptualization // Herald of Moscow University. Series 12. Political sciences (Politicheskiye nauki), 2000. No. 2. – P. 115-119.

Stepanov N.V. Criminological problems of counteracting crimes connected with political and religious extremism // Extremist activity counteraction: guidelines, criminological problems, legal bases: Practical manual / ed. by A.G. Babichev. – Kursk, 2016. – 147 p.

Bidova B.B., Ossaulenko S.L. Criminal religious extremism: concept, essence and ways out // International scientific edition Modern fundamental and applied studies. 2016. V. 2. No. 2 (21). P. 93-97.

Bidova B.B. Problem of political extremism counteraction in the North Caucasus: analysis and ways of solution // International scientific edition Modern fundamental and applied studies. 2014. No. S. P.145.

Vlasov V.I. Extremism: essence, kinds, preventive measures: Training manual. – M.: Publisher RAGS, 2014. – 189 p.

Zaluzhniy A.G. Legal problems of state-confession relationships in the modern Russia. – M.: RAS Institute of complex social studies, 2016. – 258 p.

Bondarenko S.V. National and nationalistic network communities // New standard (Noviy standart). 2011. No. 1. – P. 11-16.

Kobets P.N. Religious extremism and its peculiarities on the territory of the South Federal District of the Russian Federation // Russian criminological opinion (Rossiyskiy kriminologicheskiy vzglyad). 2015. No. 3. – P. 22-24.

Bidova B.B., Sultanovna A.C., Eminovna G.E., Shakhidovich M.S., Mamutovich D.H. Problems of counteraction against religious extremism in the Russian Federation //The Social Sciences (Pakistan). 2016. V. 11. No. 10. – P. 2439-2445.

Ryabchuk V.N. Criminal liability for public calls for violent acts against the Soviet state and social order // Jurisprudence (Pravovedeniye). 2011. No. 2. – P. 50-53.

Telyakavov M.P. Extremism in the religious associations’ activity in the North Caucasus as a threat to religious security of Russia (political analysis): Diss. of cand. of polit. sciences. – M.: 2014. – 179 p.

Trunov I. Legal bases of terrorism control // Criminal law (Ugolovnoye pravo). 2014. No. 4. – P. 107-111.

Uzdenov R.M. Towards the problem on identifying the object of extremism criminal manifestations // Black holes in the Russian legislation. 2016. No. 2. P. 464-465.

Uzdenov R.M. Interconnection of extremism and population migration processes // Struggle against illegal immigration and foreign citizens’ status: Materials of the international seminar (8-9 December, 2015). M.: Moscow University of Russian MIA. 2016. – P. 105-107.

Ustinov V.V. State anti-terrorist strategy: general concept and legal aspects // State and right (Gosudarstvo i pravo). 2013. No. 3. – P. 80-88.
Ustinov V.V. Peculiarities of socio-legal characteristic of crimes of terrorist nature and problems of their qualification // Investigative practice (Sledstvennaya praktika). 2012. No. 3 – P. 31-34.

Ustinov V.V. Convention on struggle against terrorism financing // Russian justice (Rossiyskaya yustitsiya). 2012. No. 3. – P. 41-45.

Biancki A. La communuita internazionale di fronte alle sfide del terrorismo // Vita e pensiero. 2011. A. 84. No. 5. – Р. 128-132.

Guedan С. Cooperation between Member states of the European Community in the fight against terrorism // Terrorism and international law / Ed. by R. Higgins, M. Flory L., N.Y., 2007. – 324р.

Westle В., Piero Ignazi. The silent counter revolution: hypotheses on the emergence of extreme right-wing parties in Europe // European Journal of Political research. 2012. Vol. 22. № 1. – Р. 66-69.

Bidova B.B. External factors influencing the development of the law // International scientific edition Modern fundamental and applied studies. 2017. No. 1 (24) P. 281-283.

Bidova B.B., Ganaeva Ye. E. Extremism phenomenon and extremist crimes. – Kislovodsk: TC “Magistr”, 2016. – 186 p.
Publicado
2020-04-23
Como Citar
B. BIDOVA, B.; SH. MUCALOV , S.; E. GANAEVA, E. PROBLEMS OF CRIMINAL RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM IN MODERN SOCIETY REALITIES AND RUSSIAN LEGAL SCIENCE ADVANCEMENT. Gênero & Direito, v. 9, n. 03, 23 abr. 2020.
Seção
Seção Livre