INVESTIGATION OF REQUIREMENTS AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF THE PERSIAN GULF COAST IN IRAN TO PRESENT IDEAL LEGAL MODELS
Palavras-chave:integrated management, coasts, Persian Gulf, Development Plan Act
Coastal zones are the most productive and dynamic zones of the world and the bed for big economic and social activities at the world. Along with increased population and development of activities in these fields over the past decades, high pressure has been imposed on these zones and they have been exposed to types of pollutions and destructions. Iran's coasts are not also an exception and especially Persian Gulf Coasts have been exposed to types of pollutions and development of land uses beyond the tolerance of these zones. Hence, over the past years, some efforts have been taken to improve the conditions and the conditions dominated on this field. In this regard, wide exploitations in field of fishery, tourism, business transportation and other fields can double the importance of integrated management of Persian Gulf Coasts. With approval of article 63 of The Fourth Development Plan Act and its Executive Code, it is expected that the problems with Iranian coasts can be solved generally and the Persian Gulf coasts can be organized specially based on the executive mechanisms and the obligations predicted for executive systems in the regulations. The organization process should be the result of studying and planning in frame of environmental integrated management process.
Conacher, A. (2002). A role for geomorphology in integrated catchment management. Geographical Research, 40(2), 179-195.
Kassler, P. (1973). The structural and geomorphic evolution of the Persian Gulf. In The Persian Gulf (pp. 11-32). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Kesavan, P. C., & Swaminathan, M. S. (2006). Managing extreme natural disasters in coastal areas. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 364(1845), 2191-2216.
Morales-Nin, B., Moranta, J., García, C., Tugores, M. P., Grau, A. M., Riera, F., & Cerda, M. (2005). The recreational fishery off Majorca Island (western Mediterranean): some implications for coastal resource management. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62(4), 727-739.
Nouri, J., Karbassi, A. R., & Mirkia, S. (2008). Environmental management of coastal regions in the Caspian Sea. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 5(1), 43-52.
Pak, A., & Farajzadeh, M. (2007). Iran's integrated coastal management plan: Persian Gulf, Oman Sea, and southern Caspian Sea coastlines. Ocean & Coastal Management, 50(9), 754-773.
Sarnthein, M., & Walger, E. (1973). Classification of modern marl sediments in the Persian Gulf by factor analysis. In The Persian Gulf (pp. 81-97). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Sharifi, F. S., Ezam, M., & Karami Khaniki, A. (2012). Evaluating the results of Hormuz strait wave simulations using WAVEWATCH-III and MIKE21-SW. International Journal of MArine Science and Engineering, 2(2), 163-170.
Thia-Eng, C. (1993). Essential elements of integrated coastal zone management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 21(1-3), 81-108