MAJŪS – OS ATAQUES VIKINGS AO AL-ANDALUS, ENTRE OS SÉCS. IX-X, E O SEU IMPACTO NO ĠARB AL-ANDALUS
In 844 Lisbon warns Córdoba of the approach of ships. This moment marks the beginning of the Viking incursions in al-Andalus. Far beyond from being just traumatic and destructive events, the majūs' offensives will be a turning point in the history of Ġarb al-Andalus, the western region of the Muslim Iberian Peninsula, until then marginalized, and only nominally controlled by the central power of Córdoba. The Viking incursions turn out to be an impetus for the urban and commercial development of the region, in addition to the creation of a navy – until then non-existent –, and respective combat techniques, providing the tools for the formation of a Muslim naval hegemony in the Atlantic Ocean, than only the territorial regression of the XIIth and XIIIth centuries., in favor of Portugal, will come to put into question. With this study, we will seek to analyze the direction taken by the incursions, a matter on which there is still no consensus today and, mainly, to understand the dramatic influence that these incursions had in shaping of the future of the western part of al-Andalus.
Keywords: Ġarb al-Andalus; Muslims; Vikings; Naval Warfare
The author (s) of the original submitted undertake to comply with the following:
- All authors are publicly responsible for it.
- The authors claim that this original is their own and that they assume full responsibility to third parties, whether moral or patrimonial, by reason of its content, stating that the work does not infringe any intellectual property rights of third parties.
- The author (s) agree to the copyrights of the original to Scandia Journal, to which they grant permission for its reproduction, editing and online publication.
- The author (s) grant their copyright of their original to the Scandia Journal, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows the sharing of this work with the acknowledgment of their authorship.
- The author (s) have permission and are encouraged to cite and distribute their original.