REGULATION OF SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA
Entrepreneurship is a special kind of economic activity, which is based on independent initiative, responsibility and innovative entrepreneurial idea. The relevance of the study is conditioned by the fact that, despite the fact that the level of scientific, technical and production potential of any state is determined by big business, the basis of life of the country are small businesses as the most wide-scale, dynamic and flexible form of business life. It is determined by the great socio-economic importance of this sector, which unites the present-day interests of the bulk of the population involved in labor activity. National policy in the field of small business development is characterized by a comprehensive approach to creating favorable conditions for its functioning. The approach includes the following regulatory methods: improving the regulatory framework, forming branched and multi-level infrastructure for support of small business entities, ensuring availability of credit and financial mechanisms, and supporting foreign economic and innovative activity of small business entities. The formation of a well-developed business environment helps small businesses to become competitive at the market by fulfilling their economic potential, which contributes to successful development of the national economy as a whole. The development of small business is one of the priorities in the policy of the Russian Federation. In this regard, the paper is focused on studying the situation of small business development in Russia and identifying the main reasons hindering its development. The leading method for the study of the problem is the method of collecting empirical data and processing the research results, allowing a comprehensive review of methods and mechanisms for regulating the development of small business in Russia, comparing that with the experience of developed foreign countries. The paper presents the data on the level of small business development in the world’s major economies, describes forms and methods of regulation of small business development in Russia and abroad, and identifies the main factors hindering the growth of entrepreneurial activity in the area of small business. On the basis of the conducted research the key directions of improving the system of state regulation of small business development in Russia are substantiated.
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