A CONCEPÇÃO PROTOMODERNISTA DE HEGEL DA FILOSOFIA COMO CIÊNCIA

Autores

  • Zeyad El Nabolsy Cornell University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7443/problemata.v11i4.52207

Palavras-chave:

Filosofia científica, Hegel, Filosofia marxista, História da Filosofia da Ciência

Resumo

Afirmo que a recepção de Hegel no subcampo da história e da filosofia da ciência foi impedida, em parte, por um mal-entendido de suas visões metafilosóficas maduras. Levando em conta as posições influentes de Alan Richardson sobre a ascensão da filosofia científica como um exemplo de tal mal-entendido, eu argumento que as visões metafilosóficas do Hegel maduro o colocam muito mais perto dos filósofos que são comumente tomados como paradigmas da filosofia científica do que normalmente se pensa. Hegel é comumente apresentado como alguém que concebeu a filosofia como uma ciência que se apoiava no gênio solitário do pensador individual, e como uma ciência cujas proposições não podiam e não deveriam ser tornadas acessíveis “ao povo”. Contra essa visão, argumento que Hegel, de fato, pensava que a filosofia era uma atividade totalmente anti-individualista, e que ele enfatizou a importância da acessibilidade intersubjetiva do discurso filosófico. Argumento que, quando reconstruímos cuidadosamente as razões de Hegel para sua ruptura com Schelling, e se prestarmos atenção aos seus pronunciamentos metafilosóficos explícitos, podemos ver que ele de fato aderiu ao que chamo de concepção "protomodernista" da filosofia como ciência. Concluo apontando como a descaracterização de Hegel serviu para obscurecer a existência de uma vertente da filosofia científica que surgiu por meio de uma crítica imanente de Hegel, a saber, a filosofia marxista.

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Publicado

2020-12-04