Socioeconomic characterization of family farmers, trade, use and poisoning by pesticides in Arapiraca/AL, Brazil

  • Marcelo Cavalcante Instituto Federal de Alagoas
  • Sócrates Mesquita Bomfim Instituto Federal de Alagoas - Ifal

Resumo

This research aimed to socio-economic characterization of family farmers, to quantify trade, use and cases of pesticide poisoning in Arapiraca/AL. Interviews were conducted with 31 family farmers, eight pesticide retailers, as well as a retrospective and documentary research on exogenous poisoning between 2008 and 2018. It was observed that there is a predominance of male labor (64.5%) among farmers interviewed, low level of education (61.3%) who, despite receiving technical assistance (90.3%), do not have access to credit lines (74.2%), reflecting on the low family income. The most cited pesticides among users were insecticides, with prevalence to extremely toxic (36.4%). The lack of training of farmers (71%), associated with low educational level and lack of educational campaigns may have influenced the inappropriate use of PPE (48.4%), reflecting in the 766 records of pesticide poisoning in Arapiraca. Regarding the volume sold in 2018, led the herbicide 2.4-D, with more than 214,600 liters sold. This information shows that exogenous poisoning is a public health problem and that the monitoring of records and follow-up by health agents, investments in rural extension work and technical assistance may significantly reduce the problem.

Biografia do Autor

Marcelo Cavalcante, Instituto Federal de Alagoas
Eng. Agrônomo e Mestre - UFAL Doutor em Zootecnia - UFRPE Docente IFAL/Campus Maragogi, departamento de Agroecologia Docente Permanente do Programa de Mestrado Profissional em Tecnologias Ambiental - IFAL/Campus Marechal Deodoro
Sócrates Mesquita Bomfim, Instituto Federal de Alagoas - Ifal

Discente do Programa de Mestrado Profissonal em Tecnologias Ambientais do Ifal/Campus Marechal Deodoro

Publicado
2020-03-31
Como Citar
CAVALCANTE, M.; SÓCRATES MESQUITA BOMFIM. Socioeconomic characterization of family farmers, trade, use and poisoning by pesticides in Arapiraca/AL, Brazil. Gaia Scientia, v. 14, n. 1, 31 mar. 2020.
Seção
Ciências Ambientais